When you think of pruning or trimming a tree, very rarely will a palm tree spring to mind. This is because palm trees are typically left to their own devices. They don’t grow in the same way that typical trees do (outward in their trunks). That’s not to say that palm trees don’t require pruning, but what it does mean is that when they are pruned, extra care must be afforded.
You see, palm trees grow one leaf at a time. It is a slow process that calls for careful planning. If you fail to adopt the proper techniques and guidelines when approaching the pruning of a palm tree, you could end up causing irreparable damage and ultimately killing it.
In order to make sure that this doesn’t happen to your beloved palms, we’re going to share some tips on how to properly prune an Australian palm tree. Pay close attention to some of the do’s and don’ts shared by professional arborists AB Trees, as this information will be invaluable for palm tree pruning in Australia (particularly if you want your tree’s to last a lifetime.
So How Do You Prune an Australian Palm Tree?
Try Not to Damage the Trunk
It should go without saying but try not to damage the trunk while pruning. If you do due to being careless or rushing the process, there is a high chance that the trunk will not heal. You need to take extra care to protect the root ball of the tree as well. Much of the nutrients that the palm requires come from the topsoil, through the root ball. Thus, if you damage that, the Australian palm tree will struggle to absorb the nutrients that it needs.
Prune in Season
Make sure that you prune your palm tree in the correct season, meaning, in the months of Summer or Spring. By doing this you will be able to clearly see which branches and sets of leaves are healthy and which are showing signs that they will no longer grow.
When you prune a palm tree you need to make sure that you remove the palm’s discoloured or loose foliage. If you are unable to remove it easily, then it is best left alone. Removing older green leaves will speed up the deficiency and break down of the younger leaves which can result in them looking worn and discoloured so be mindful.
Keep the Palm’s Flowers and Stalks in Check
Palm tree pruning in Australia requires that you don’t allow the flowers and fruit stalks of the palm thrive. If you do, they will weaken the plant as they absorb too much energy. In addition to that, when the fruit matures it will fall to the floor, not only being a health hazard but causing a terrible mess. And of course, pests like rodents and birds will be attracted which can be a nuisance.
Carefully Trim Out Clumping Palms (Where Necessary)
Depending on how much space you have available for new growth, you might need to trim out some of the clumping palms.
Be Careful Not to Over Prune
There is such a thing as over-pruning and it can be devastating to your palm tree. When you prune a palm tree, you must do so carefully and at reasonable space intervals. If you’re strimming mature fronds, make sure the palm has produced (at least) an equal number of new fronds to replace them.
Never Prune Green Fronds
The green fronds provide food for newer leaves and removing them will result in poor growth for the plant. When you remove healthy fronds, you are keeping valuable energy from getting to the plant.
Be Mindful of How Long Fronds Take to Mature
Fronds take an average of three to five years to fully mature. Thus, if you look at the current year’s growth on the palm tree, the mature fronds will be located just below them. You should aim to leave several rows (or more if you are able).
Understand the Cantilever Effect
The cantilever effect is when palms protrude outwards in order to provide protection from high winds. The mature fronds are there to protect the younger ones in order to give them a good chance at growing. If you prune away too many of the mature fronts, when high winds pick up it could invariably tear out all of the young fronts and results in a shabby and unhealthy palm tree. Pruning palm tree’s in Australia requires careful consideration.
Your Palm is Wiser Than You Think
Remember that plants are quite good at knowing what they need, so put faith in your palm tree. When you prune a palm tree, don’t presume to know more than it does. The plant will grow as many fronds as they need and will understand how tall they need to be. When you see fronds dying, you will notice that new fronds are growing in its place; this is because the plant knows when it is time to begin growing a new one. Be careful not to be overzealous when cutting away at the palm.
Prune for Health Over Aesthetics
If you prune purely for aesthetic reasons, then you will run the risk of damaging the palm tree beyond repair and subsequently ending up with a rather shabby and disappointing looking palm tree. If you want to understand how to prune an Australian palm tree, you should know that when done in moderation, you will actually get the best aesthetic results. Palm trees are naturally beautiful and when gently encouraged and nurtured (rather than over trimmed and pruned), you will get some incredible results.
Conclusion: How Do You Prune an Australian Palm Tree
And there we have it! A rather comprehensive guide on how to prune an Australian palm tree. If you find yourself a feeling a little overwhelmed by it all, or that perhaps you’d rather seek professional assistance, there are plenty of palm tree pruning services available. That way, you don’t have to run the risk of damaging your beloved palms beyond repair and leave it in the safe hands of the expert. In any case, we wish you the very best of luck!